Thursday, January 14, 2010

A Case for Increasing the Pension of Majors and Equivalents...Views Pls by Col Raman

From: ramantn sarma
Sent: 12 January 2010 06:27
Subject: [CoreGpIESM] Fw: A Case for Increasing the Pension of Majors and Equivalents.

Dear Veterans,

As stated earlier by me, Brig NBS, has put up a Draft S of C (Statement of Case), which I request all the ESM Associations to kindly go through, amend or improve as deemed fit by them.

Certain corrections & suggestions are also given below:

Under Para Added Problems by 6 CPC, please amend the figure to 25,700, from 26,700.

Emphasise more on the fact that the Pension of Veteran Majors of pre 2006, would be a reducing burden on the Exchequer, since this category would become nil in the near future.

While projecting the case, kindly quote the exact amounts of Pension, of the Sub Maj & Hony Capts vis a vis the Majors.

Future Course of Action.

With all humility, at the outset I would clarify that these are my submissions. Kindly do not interpret in any other form than that of sincere effort from our side, which includes Brig NBS & Col N Viswanathan.

This S of C covers basically the Army. The Navy & Air force may elaborate to include their own equivalent ranks. Better still will be to prepare a separate S of C to project their own similar case. Then take up a joint representation as it was done in the case of OROP. The joint leadership of Lt Gen Raj Kadyan (IESM), Brig RS Gulia (IESL) & the heads of Navy Foundation & Air Force Association may consider the representation to the Govt.

Lt Gen SK Bahri may again use his good offices to coordinate the effort. There might have been some differences of opinion in the case of OROP. But the case of Majors is uncomplicated & there can be no two views in the minds of the Veterans. We have to fight their case for the simple reason that every one us who retired prior to 6 th CPC, would have held that rank for at the least 8 to 13 years, before becoming Lt Col ( including the Acting Rank of Major).

It is also time for the Majors & equis from the other two Services to get together, on the lines of Maj Gens, & be prepared to take up the legal course in case the efforts mentioned above do not yield result.

If a joint representation made to cover only the issue of Pre 2006 retiree Majors, without involving any other issue, the chances of success are more. We may expect the PM to announce a favourable award from the ramparts of Red Fort on the 15 Aug 2010. Incidentally, the Majors may also set their target date as 15 Aug 2010 to take a final decision on the legal course of action. This would also give them adequate time to do their ground work.

I request that the Veterans who are in contact with the Navy Foundation & Air Force Association to kindly fwd this mail to them.

Regards & Best Wishes,

Col (Retd) TN Raman
(Veteran Raman)

--- On Mon, 11/1/10, Brig Subramanian wrote:

From: Brig Subramanian
Subject: A Case for Increasing the Pension of Majors and Equivalents.
To: "Col Raman T N." , "Col Viswanathan N" , "Col A Krishnaswami"
Date: Monday, 11 January, 2010, 8:10 AM
A Statement of Justification for Increasing the Pension of pre - 2006 Majors / Lcdrs / Sqn Ldrs.
The retired Majors / equivalents ( Herein after referred to as Majors,for brevity )as a group have been receiving a raw deal wrt their pension entitlements over the years, due to certain reasons, beyond their control. This can be seen from succeeding paragraphs.

Limited Promotion Avenues.
Before Cadre review, Lt Col was a prime selection grade rank. The COs of Bns, Regts, and of other major support units were Lt Cols, selected from the base of Majors. At different time periods and in different Arms and Services, just about one out of six to eight Majors ( 1 : 6 to 1 : 8 ) were promoted as Lt Cols, by trying to select the best out of the base of good Majors.
Bulk of otherwise good Majors, fit and competent, had to retire early as Majors only. The rejection rate was very high.

Lack of Vacancies.
At that time, there were just a handful posts of Colonels ; like the Centre Comdts,some staff posts etc., The Lt Cols were directly considered for promotion as Brigs. Here again, the selection was very limited.The left over Lt Cols continued to hold their vacancies in that rank. This had a cascading effect on the already non-selected Majors, closing the door for nearly all of them. These Majors suffered since then ; and continue to suffer till now,with low pension.

Early Retirement.
In Armed Forces, age of retirement is linked to the rank held by the officer. Higher the rank, later the date of retirement. The Majors were retired by the Govt very early in life at 48 yrs ( later raised to 50 yrs ), because of which most could not complete 33 years of service for full pension,even with the weightage. Therefore,their pension was reduced to a calculated fraction of an already low pension. That was the age at which their family commitments and liabilities in terms of education and marriage of wards was very high.

Was the Early Retirement Voluntary on Own Request ?
The obvious answer is NO. They have not sought voluntary retirement ( save exceptions ). To keep the officer profile young and to reduce the strength of superseded officers in units, it was the Govt's policy to release the Majors at 48 / 50 yrs, with a nominal pension.

Problems in Reaching the grade of Lt Col ( T S )
The qualifying service required for Lt Col ( T S ) was more than 25 years ; and the Majors were retired early at 48 / 50 years. Most of them could not complete the Q S required for earning the rank of Lt Col ( T S ).
The Officers commissioned from the ranks of NCOs - JCOs, suffered the worst. They naturally got their commission late, which left them little time to aspire for higher ranks. Most of them retired as Majors at 48 /50 years,on low pension.

Loss of Life Time Earning.
The Civ counterparts serve upto 58 years of age, about ten years more than the Majors. Because of early retirement, the Majors lose several lakh rupees in terms of P & A for ten years of truncated service ; as they would have been at the upper half of pay scale, when retired.
This huge loss, which is applicable to Armed Forces and NOT to Civ ( Majors, in the case under discussion ) is totally missed by the pay commission and the Govt, while working out common pay scales for civ and soldiers.

Recent Problems.
The recent policy changes in career profile and pension revision have added a new dimension to the already besieged Majors as follows.

Effect of Post 2004 Parity on Majors
Before 2004, a commissioned Officer required 13 years of service and passing of promotion exams, to earn the rank of Majors ; whereas, after 2004, with exactly the same QRs, the officers become Lt Cols. Thus,the erstwhile Majors, for all practical purposes should be treated equal to post 2004 Lt Cols, at least for pension parity; but in reality, the Majors get a pittance of pension, comparable NOT to the Lt Cols,as should be ; but to Hony Capts. There is a strong case to increase the pension of existing Majors on pension strength.

Added problems by 6th CPC.
The 6th CPC has caused a lot more harm to Majors on Pension than the 5th CPC. Please see these comparative figures given below regarding the pension of Lt Cols vis - a -vis Majors. ( in Rs per month )
CPC Lt Col Major Difference
5th 7,550 6,400 1,150

6th 25,700 14,100 12,600

The 6th CPC / Govt have widened the gap in pension between Majors and Lt Cols, by a large margin.
These Pensioned out senior Majors have silently suffered so much already. They have been again given the short shrift by both the 6th CPC and the Govt. They had little promotional avenues ; had to retire early ; lost huge sums by way of reduced life time earning ( as compared to Civ counter parts ) and got truncated pension due to early release and are now paid Rs 12,600 per month less pension than their equivalent Lt Col ( T S ). This is gross injustice.

Comparison with Lt Col (TS)
The job profiles of Lt col ( T S ) and Major are very much the same. In fact, Lt Col ( T S ) are posted against the vacancies tenable by Majors. But, a Lt Col ( T S ) earns a pension of Rs 26,700 while a Maj gets only Rs14,100 ; that is, Rs12,600 less than the time scale Lt Col. please compare this wide gap to the narrow difference in pension of Cols over Lt Cols ( Rs 350 only ) ; Brigs over Cols ( Rs 100 only )

D A Depressed on real terms of Money.
Since D A is calculated as a % of pension, their D A will also be less by Rs 12,600 x 27 % = Rs 3,400.( Proportionally, there will be more loss with every increase in D A / D P ) The real loss in terms of hard cash is Rs 12,600 + Rs 3,400 = Rs 16,000 per month.This is a huge recurring, cumulative loss every month to them.

Hony Capts / Sub Majs ( JCOs ) Drawing more than Majors.
The low pension of Majors has reached such abysmal levels that some Hony Capts / Sub Majs are drawing more pension that Majors. We can quote examples. At Chennai, a Lt Cdr. draws Rs 14,100 as pension, while a Sub Maj ,his neighbour, is drawing Rs16,000.
We are happy that the Hony Capts and Sub Majs get a reasonable pension. Our case is certainly not that their pension should be reviewed. The Majors,who commanded there senior PBOR, are getting less pension than them. Our request is that the pension of Majs, needs to be honourably stepped up.

The Importance of Majors in Forces.
Since we are discussing the pension problem of senior Majors, there is need to refresh their valuable contribution to Armed Forces, to get a correct prespective.
Before cadre review, the officers earned the substantive rank of Maj / equivalent after 13 years of qualifying service. By then, they had done all basic professional courses and had passed the promotion exams.With their seniority, they were the real working hands and work horses of the forces.
a ) Majs were ' Field Officers ' with lot of responsibility on them.
b ) Majs had lead their men as OCs of companies / Batteries / units in war ; and trained them in peace, under the COs directions. So did the Sqn Ldrs and Lt Cdrs with their command of Sqns and designated ships respectively.
c ) The casuality rate is always high in case of young officers, during their first 20 years of service, Lt / Capt / Majors.
d ) Military Administration , both routine ( commanding men, unit discipline, pay rolls, Koth, morale, ration, unit accounts, health of men, fire drills etc., ) and non -routine ( Cs of I, S of E, Bds of Offrs, garrison duties, ceremonials etc., ) rested mainly on the shoulders of Majors.
e ) Training of Capts and Subelterns was under the watchful eyes of the Majors.
These king pins of the armed forces should not be humiliated with very low pension, in their twilight years. Their contribution to the professionism of Army,Navy and Air Force should be well recognised.

Discussion on Possible Relief Options.

Shifting Majors/ Equivalents to PB - 4.
The most important factor in this suggestion is that it is first applicable to serving officers ; and then to the pensioners. It means that serving officers with 6 years service ( Current Majors ) will enter the PB-4 scale of 37,400 - 67,000. ( Even lesser service in case of AMC / ADC / RVC and other officers with antedate commission. )
A very large number of civ officers ( including Def civs ) of S-21, S-22, S-23 categories are on P B -3 scale of 15,600 - 39,000 with Gde Pay of Rs 7,600.They get a lesser pension of Rs 11,600 only. ( No MSP element ). If the Majors are moved to P B-4, however genuine our case may be, the civ will bring heavy pressure on Govt through their Unions and JCM to shift them also to P B -4. The Govt is not going to miss on this point. The Govt is not likely to accept this proposal.
It may be recalled that 6th CPC and Govt initially placed Lt Cols also on PB - 3 only. It was quite a task for the service chiefs to move the Lt Cols to P B-4. A fresh initiative to move Majs also to P B- 4, leaving only a small number of retd Capt and Lt pensioners in P B - 3 may not find favour with the Service HQ.
It is for consideration, if this proposal is worth persuing against such heavy odds.

Creating a New Pay Scale between P B - 3 and P B - 4 ( as PB-3 A or PB-4 Minus )
Another suggestion in circulation is creating an intermediate pay scale between P B - 3 and P B - 4 ( variously named as PB - 3 A or P B - 4 minus ) to bridge the huge gap between Majs and Lt Cols. Again, such a scale shall be first applicable to serving Majors with 6 yrs service onwards. No scale can be created to accommodate only pensioners. Since 6th CPC followed by Govt orders are combinedly applicable to military and a hoard of Civ officers, the Govt will have to adjust a large number of civs as well in the new scale. This suggestion is not likely to find favour.

To Fix the Majors' Pension at Maximum of P B -3 Scale.( 15,600 - 39,100 )
One of the proposals mooted is to grant exception to pre - 2006 Majors and base their pension at the highest level of Rs 39,100 instead of 15,600.
The Govt, in their implementaion orders on 6th CPC, have given partial parity to pre 2006 pensioners, by fixing Capts / Majors pension at the threshold of P B - 3 pay scale at Rs 15,600. Same is the case with pensioners on PB-4 scale.
A similar proposal was forwarded to Govt for all Military officers (under both P B-3 and PB-4 ), to which the Govt has not agreed. The recurring financial effect will be enormous.
An important point is that all Majs might not have reached the maximum of the pay scale and would have retired en route, at some stage of the scale. If maximum of scale principle for pension is adopted, many will get unearned higher pension of unreached levels, which lacks financial sanctity. This will not find favour with the govt or courts, for obvious reasons.
It is another matter that, if exception is granted to pre 2006 Majors only, there will be clamour from other civ and mil officers, to make the exception a rule for all, with their own justifications.

Bringing the pre 2006 Majors on par with pre 2006 Lt Col ( T S ) for pension purposes.
. Lt Col ( T S ) are posted against Major's vacancies. Both ranks are functionally the same. After Cadre review, most Majors had the advantage of extended retirement age on one hand and the shortened length of service reqd to become Lt Col ( T S ) on the other hand ; both of which were not available to erstwhile Majors, who retired at 48 / 50 yrs of age. Hence, there is good justification to equate Majs with Lt Col ( T S ) for pension purposes.
This proposal involves only adjustments with in military ranks ; so, the civs can have no say in it. The Civ associations / unions / JCMs can not intervene. The Govt can not take cover to scuttle the proposals citing possible demands on civ side.
Therefore, this proposal can be vigourously persued on sound logic.

Application of 20 years service for full pension.
In the cases filed in Supreme Court, after favourable judgement in Nakra's case, it is true that the Supreme Court did not allow OROP ; but they have laid down unambiguously that any new principle applied to one set of pensioners will be applicable ex post facto to all previous pensioners also, with out any cut off date. Now, applicability of 20 years Q S for full pension ( with out fractionalisation ) is one new principle applied to post 6th CPC pensioners ; there is no legal bar as to why it can not be applied equally to all old pensioners - Majors and equivalents in this particular case.
This will be another good option to persue.

Recommended Final Course of Action.
Having considered all the above options on merits of each, it is suggested that the case be persued on following lines.
a )Clubbing pre 2006 Majors / Equivalents with pre 2006 Lt Cols ( T S ), notionally for pension purposes.
b ) Applicability of 20 years service for full pension.
Both the above suggestions are winnable propositions. They,duly combined, can give substantial relief to Majors / Equivalents.

Financial Effect.
The number of Majors drawing pension is limited. A figure of 500 is often mentioned ; it may not exceed 1,000 and in any case, will gradually diminish to nil in coming years,since the current crop of serving officers will become Lt Cols in 13 years.
Therefore, doing belated justice to existing Majors by adopting the above recommendations will hardly cause even a scratch on Govt's finances, leave alone a dent. The annual additional pension burden is expected to be as low as 15 crores only. ( For 1,000 Majors x Rs 12,600 per month x 12 months = Hardly 15 Crores. )

Presonal Note
I take this opportunity to thank my unknown friends, Maj Bhupal Singh, Maj S Lakshmanan, Maj Ravi Gujral, Lcdr R E Balasubramanian, Maj S K Jain, Maj Ravindran, Vet Ved Sachar, Maj C N Anand and collegues Col T N Raman and Col N Viswanathan, for their ideas and suggestions.
About Navy and Air Force, I plead ignorance of ground data at working levels for Sqn Ldrs and Lcdrs. May I request the Navy and Air Force officers to embellish this paper with their intimate knowledge.

Warm Regards,



  1. Dear Veterans,
    Regards.It is always good to climb up but it is never good to make other your ladder to climb up.

    "Hony Capts / Sub Majs ( JCOs ) drawing more than Majors.The low pension of Majors has reached such abysmal levels that some Hony Capts / Sub Majs are drawing more pension that Majors. We can quote examples. At Chennai, a Lt Cdr. draws Rs 14,100 as pension, while a Sub Maj ,his neighbour, is drawing Rs16,000."

    This example is certainly not in good taste and at the same time there is , certainly, no justification for quoting this since the formula for pay and pension fixation for JCOs and below (PBORs)is different than the officers.At the same the the one who quoted this example did not ralise that Sub.Maj. and Hony.Capt puts up more than 32 years of service before he retires.Service rendered by a major has no comparison to this.
    As such,concerned vetrerans are requested to find some other ladder to climb up.Let the Hony.Capt and below live as they if you cant think of their welfare.
    Veteran Prabhjot Singh PLS Retd.

  2. I would like to bring to your notice a very valid point to equate the status of substantive majors with 21 years of service to Lt Col.
    Please refer to the instruction contained in SAI 2/S/98. Para 5 (a) (iii), which clearly states "Officer who became substantive major on or after 1.1.96 shall be granted the scale of pay of Lt Col on their stagnation for one year in the revised scale of Major. Such officer will, however, continue to draw the rank pay of Major".
    Para 5(a)(iv) of the same SAI further stipulates "As a one time measure those who became Substantive Major before 1.1.96 will be granted the scale of Lt Col on completion of 21 years of commissioned service, i.e, in their 22nd year with the rank of Major.
    Thus, apart from the other arguments to improve the pension of Majors, it may be worthwile to examine, a case for equating the pay scales of retired substantive Majors with 21 years of service to that of Lt Col, as the same has already been established in SAI 2/S/98. In other words, there is a strong case for placing such Majors in PB 4, for pension purposes, drawing a parellel with the provisions that followed after the implementation of the 5th Pay Commission.